CUTTING-EDGE Wi-Fi DEVICE PERFORMANCE

Morse Micro’s 802.11ah Wi-Fi HaLow technology features one of the smallest and lowest-power single-chip solution that incorporates Radio, PHY, and MAC as well as an optional Host Applications Processor, designed in compliance with the sub-1 GHz IEEE 802.11ah standard to power the IoT. It solves the challenges for Wi-Fi in IoT devices, overcoming the fundamental weaknesses of existing wireless technologies offering ultra-low power, longer range, and secure connections at a higher capacity.

IEEE 802.11ah Compliant Radio

Features

  • Worldwide unlicensed Sub-1 GHz frequency bands
  • Single Chip supporting 750MHz-950MHz
  • Channel width options of 1/2/4/8 MHz
  • Internal PA with option to use external PA/LNA/FEM
  • Superior Linearity
  • High selectivity
  • Low Out-of-band Transmitter noise

Benefits

  • Longer distance, over 1km
  • Lower energy required
  • Better penetration through material
  • Wider selection of data rates vs. other IoT
  • No monthly fees or service provider account required
  • Superior blocker performance
  • Easy co-existence with different radios, e.g. LTE

IEEE 802.11ah Compliant PHY

Features

  • 802.11ah OFDM PHY
  • BPSK, QPSK and higher QAM Modulations
  • Automatic Frequency & Gain control
  • Robust Error Correction Encoding
  • Supports 1 MHz duplicate mode

Benefits

  • Highest energy efficiency
  • Adjusts to optimal rates for RF conditions
  • Supports longest range and lowest power operation modes
  • Better resilience to interference

IEEE 802.11ah Compliant MAC

Features

  • Support for Stations (STA) and Access point (AP) Applications
  • Power-Saving Sleep Modes (TWT, RAW, Non-TIM)
  • Support for up to 8,191 Stations per AP
  • BSS Extended Max Idle
  • Hierarchical TIM and Traditional TIM Mode support

Benefits

  • Ultra-Low Power solutions using batteries
  • Very dense IoT networks
  • Star-oriented architecture (no need for mesh)
  • Reduced cost of network infrastructure
  • Better organization of devices by type

Power Management Unit

Features

  • Integrated DC/DC Converter
  • Wide range of supply voltages
  • Support low power schemes

Benefits

  • Low Total BOM
  • Application design flexibility
  • Ultra-Low Power solutions using batteries

IEEE802.11ah Compliant Firmware and Development Kits

Features

  • Security: Supports WPA3, OWE Enhanced Open, Easy Connect
  • IEEE 802.11ah Standard compliant firmware
  • IPv6 ready
  • Software Development Kit (MM-SDK): API, Firmware, Drivers
  • Multiple Hardware Reference Design kits

Benefits

  • Highest levels of Wi-Fi encryption
  • Standard AP/Routers
  • No need for proprietary hub or gateway
  • Supports direct access to cloud services
  • Highest Interoperability
  • Short time to market
  • Fast Over the Air (OTA) Firmware updates

Various Host interfaces with optional Application processor

Features

  • Interfaces for common MCU/CPU connections, programming, and debug e.g. SDIO, SPI, GPIO and JTAG
  • Support for popular applications:
    • Access Point / Router / Set-top Box / Bridge
    • Video Processors
    • Radio cards
    • SOC Sensors
  • Independent Host Applications Processor (HAP) option based on a low power 32b RISC-V core

Benefits

  • Application design flexibility
  • Support wide range of applications
  • Low Total RBOM
  • Simplified application development
  • Simple migration of older platforms to Wi-Fi HaLow
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IEEE 802.11ah Compliant Radio

Features

  • Worldwide unlicensed Sub-1 GHz frequency bands
  • Single Chip supporting 750MHz-950MHz
  • Channel width options of 1/2/4/8 MHz
  • Internal PA with option to use external PA/LNA/FEM
  • Superior Linearity
  • High selectivity
  • Low Out-of-band Transmitter noise

Benefits

  • Longer distance, over 1km
  • Lower energy required
  • Better penetration through material
  • Wider selection of data rates vs. other IoT
  • No monthly fees or service provider account required
  • Superior blocker performance
  • Easy co-existence with different radios, e.g. LTE

IEEE 802.11ah Compliant PHY

Features

  • 802.11ah OFDM PHY
  • BPSK, QPSK and higher QAM Modulations
  • Automatic Frequency & Gain control
  • Robust Error Correction Encoding
  • Supports 1 MHz duplicate mode

Benefits

  • Highest energy efficiency
  • Adjusts to optimal rates for RF conditions
  • Supports longest range and lowest power operation modes
  • Better resilience to interference

IEEE 802.11ah Compliant MAC

Features

  • Support for Stations (STA) and Access point (AP) Applications
  • Power-Saving Sleep Modes (TWT, RAW, Non-TIM)
  • Support for up to 8,191 Stations per AP
  • BSS Extended Max Idle
  • Hierarchical TIM and Traditional TIM Mode support

Benefits

  • Ultra-Low Power solutions using batteries
  • Very dense IoT networks
  • Star-oriented architecture (no need for mesh)
  • Reduced cost of network infrastructure
  • Better organization of devices by type

Power Management Unit

Features

  • Integrated DC/DC Converter
  • Wide range of supply voltages
  • Support low power schemes

Benefits

  • Low Total BOM
  • Application design flexibility
  • Ultra-Low Power solutions using batteries

IEEE802.11ah Compliant Firmware and Development Kits

Features

  • Security: Supports WPA3, OWE Enhanced Open, Easy Connect
  • IEEE 802.11ah Standard compliant firmware
  • IPv6 ready
  • Software Development Kit (MM-SDK): API, Firmware, Drivers
  • Multiple Hardware Reference Design kits

Benefits

  • Highest levels of Wi-Fi encryption
  • Standard AP/Routers
  • No need for proprietary hub or gateway
  • Supports direct access to cloud services
  • Highest Interoperability
  • Short time to market
  • Fast Over the Air (OTA) Firmware updates

Various Host interfaces with optional Application processor

Features

  • Interfaces for common MCU/CPU connections, programming, and debug e.g. SDIO, SPI, GPIO and JTAG
  • Support for popular applications:
    • Access Point / Router / Set-top Box / Bridge
    • Video Processors
    • Radio cards
    • SOC Sensors
  • Independent Host Applications Processor (HAP) option based on a low power 32b RISC-V core

Benefits

  • Application design flexibility
  • Support wide range of applications
  • Low Total RBOM
  • Simplified application development
  • Simple migration of older platforms to Wi-Fi HaLow

Wireless IOT Technology Comparison

Criteria
Wi-Fi HaLow 802.11ah
Wi-Fi 4/5/6 802.11n/ac/ax
LoRa
Sigfox
NB-IOT
BT 5
Z-Wave
ZigBee
Energy Efficiency 802.11ah protocols promote conservation of energy for devices that can sleep for long periods of time. Enables widest range of power options from coin cell batteries for short reach applications to larger battery higher-power options to reach up to 1 km. Sub-1 GHz signals travel farther with less energy than 2.4 GHz signals. Transfers more bits per unit of energy than other technologies.
High
High
Low
Low
Low
High
Med
Med
Idle Power Consumption 802.11ah idle and sleep modes, combined with Morse Micro’s proprietary circuit design techniques offer low idle power consumption to rival other technologies.
Low
High
Low
Low
Low
Low
Low
Low
Data Rate 802.11ah offers widest range of data rates to suit IoT. From high definition cameras to lower bit rate temperature sensors or door locks. Rates can automatically adjust for changes in conditions or distance from the AP, just like Wi-Fi.
150 Kbps - 86.7 Mbps
6.5 Mbps - 600 Mbps
100 bps - 50 Kbps
100 bps - 600 bps
20 Kbps - 25 Kbps
125 Kbps - 2 Mbps
100 Kbps
250 Kbps
Range 1 meter to 1 km, Sub-1 GHz narrow band signals of 802.11ah cover a wider range of applications from smart homes to large warehouses, without repeaters or meshes. Reaches 10x-100x farther than 2.4 GHz Wi-Fi or Bluetooth.
1 km
100 m
10 km
10 km
10 km
<100 m
30 m
20 m
Penetration through material 802.11ah uses Sub-1 GHz RF signals to penetrate through walls and objects better than higher frequencies such as 2.4 GHz Bluetooth, Wi-Fi or Zigbee. Variability of construction materials and layouts of homes and buildings has less effect on Wi-Fi HaLow signals. Single AP solutions with higher out-of-box installation success without requiring meshes or repeaters that would cause congestion, increase latency, or reduce throughput.
Best
Poor
Best
Best
Good
Poor
Good
Poor
Security Wi-Fi HaLow requires WPA3 and higher levels of security for authentication and encryption of data. Morse Micro supports existing WPA3 and future improvements in Wi-Fi security, as well as unique optional features for secure boot. High data rates of 802.11ah enable fast over-the-air (OTA) firmware updates, which many long-range wireless technologies like LoRa or Sigfox cannot accomplish without taking devices offline for long periods of time.
Best
Best
Poor
Poor
Good
Good
Good
Good
Network Data Capacity 802.11ah specifies a wide range of data rates for up to 8,191 devices per AP. Multiple signaling options reduce overhead required to manage and control devices. This reduces collisions and frees up airwaves for active devices to transfer more data at the fastest MCS rates they can achieve.
Best
Best
Poor
Worst
Poor
Good
Good
Poor
Installation/ Operational Costs IEEE 802.11ah Wi-Fi HaLow supports native IP traffic, just like traditional Wi-Fi. Simple installation requires only a Wi-Fi HaLow capable AP or Router. No proprietary hubs or gateways. Star-oriented architecture of HaLow does not require complex meshes of repeaters that bog down messages and cause management problems for other wireless technologies. Wi-Fi HaLow uses license free sub-1 GHz spectrum; no recurring subscription fees or data plans need to be paid to any cellular network providers.
Low
Low
High
High
High
High
Med
Med
Service Provider contract No contract is required since 802.11ah Wi-Fi HaLow does not rely on mobile service providers. Customers own their equipment and use license free radio spectrum. Just like Wi-Fi.
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
Licensed Spectrum IEEE 802.11ah Wi-Fi HaLow operates in the license-exempt frequency bands worldwide, ranging from 750 MHz to 950 MHz . It does not use the frequencies of cellular data carriers that usually bear a cost of license fees and subscriptions. Certain restrictions of use may apply and may vary by country in which Wi-Fi HaLow operates.
License-exempt
License-exempt
License-exempt
License-exempt
Licensed
License-exempt
License-exempt
License-exempt
Interoperability IEEE 802.11ah is a globally recognized standard which defines how Wi-Fi HaLow devices communicate. Much like previous generations of Wi-Fi, Wi-Fi HaLow equipment vendors can ensure they will interoperate by following the guidance of the Wi-Fi Alliance (Wi-Fi.org). Wi-Fi Alliance provides specifications, guidance and certification services to members. Other wireless IoT technologies are either proprietary or do not have as well-organized guidance. Wi-Fi HaLow users will experience the same ease of use as traditional Wi-Fi networks.
IEEE Std / Wi-Fi Alliance
IEEE Std / Wi-Fi Alliance
Proprietary
Proprietary
3GPP
Bluetooth SIG
Proprietary
IEEE Std / Zigbee Alliance
Native IP support Native support for IP traffic is defined in IEEE 802.11ah, much like traditional Wi-Fi. Using a Wi-Fi HaLow capable router, all clients devices can use IPv4/IPv6 transport protocols for direct access to the internet for cloud-based services and management of IoT data. Other wireless IoT technologies such as Bluetooth, Zigbee, Z-Wave, LoRa and Sigfox require a proprietary gateway to convert all local client traffic to IP traffic for internet access. Their extra stages of packet processing are required to wrap extra data around the packets, adding delays and reducing efficiency of their networks.
Yes
Yes
None
None
Yes (limited)
None
None
None

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