CUTTING-EDGE Wi-Fi DEVICE PERFORMANCE

Morse Micro’s 802.11ah Wi-Fi HaLow technology features one of the smallest and lowest-power single-chip solution that incorporates Radio, PHY, and MAC as well as an optional Host Applications Processor, designed in compliance with the sub-1 GHz IEEE 802.11ah standard to power the IoT. It solves the challenges for Wi-Fi in IoT devices, overcoming the fundamental weaknesses of existing wireless technologies offering ultra-low power, longer range, and secure connections at a higher capacity.

IEEE 802.11ah Compliant Radio

Features

  • Worldwide unlicensed Sub-1 GHz frequency bands
  • Single Chip supporting 750MHz-950MHz
  • Channel width options of 1/2/4/8 MHz
  • Internal PA with option to use external PA/LNA/FEM
  • Superior Linearity
  • High selectivity
  • Low Out-of-band Transmitter noise

Benefits

  • Longer distance, over 1km
  • Lower energy required
  • Better penetration through material
  • Wider selection of data rates vs. other IoT
  • No monthly fees or service provider account required
  • Superior blocker performance
  • Easy co-existence with different radios, e.g. LTE

IEEE 802.11ah Compliant PHY

Features

  • 802.11ah OFDM PHY
  • BPSK, QPSK and higher QAM Modulations
  • Automatic Frequency & Gain control
  • Robust Error Correction Encoding
  • Supports 1 MHz duplicate mode

Benefits

  • Highest energy efficiency
  • Adjusts to optimal rates for RF conditions
  • Supports longest range and lowest power operation modes
  • Better resilience to interference

IEEE 802.11ah Compliant MAC

Features

  • Support for Stations (STA) and Access point (AP) Applications
  • Power-Saving Sleep Modes (TWT, RAW, Non-TIM)
  • Support for up to 8,191 Stations per AP
  • BSS Extended Max Idle
  • Hierarchical TIM and Traditional TIM Mode support

Benefits

  • Ultra-Low Power solutions using batteries
  • Very dense IoT networks
  • Star-oriented architecture (no need for mesh)
  • Reduced cost of network infrastructure
  • Better organization of devices by type

Power Management Unit

Features

  • Integrated DC/DC Converter
  • Wide range of supply voltages
  • Support low power schemes

Benefits

  • Low Total BOM
  • Application design flexibility
  • Ultra-Low Power solutions using batteries

IEEE802.11ah Compliant Firmware and Development Kits

Features

  • Security: Supports WPA3, OWE Enhanced Open, Easy Connect
  • IEEE 802.11ah Standard compliant firmware
  • IPv6 ready
  • Software Development Kit (MM-SDK): API, Firmware, Drivers
  • Multiple Hardware Reference Design kits

Benefits

  • Highest levels of Wi-Fi encryption
  • Standard AP/Routers
  • No need for proprietary hub or gateway
  • Supports direct access to cloud services
  • Highest Interoperability
  • Short time to market
  • Fast Over the Air (OTA) Firmware updates

Various Host interfaces with optional Application processor

Features

  • Interfaces for common MCU/CPU connections, programming, and debug e.g. SDIO, SPI, GPIO and JTAG
  • Support for popular applications:
    • Access Point / Router / Set-top Box / Bridge
    • Video Processors
    • Radio cards
    • SOC Sensors
  • Independent Host Applications Processor (HAP) option based on a low power 32b RISC-V core

Benefits

  • Application design flexibility
  • Support wide range of applications
  • Low Total RBOM
  • Simplified application development
  • Simple migration of older platforms to Wi-Fi HaLow

IEEE 802.11ah Compliant Radio

Features

  • Worldwide unlicensed Sub-1 GHz frequency bands
  • Single Chip supporting 750MHz-950MHz
  • Channel width options of 1/2/4/8 MHz
  • Internal PA with option to use external PA/LNA/FEM
  • Superior Linearity
  • High selectivity
  • Low Out-of-band Transmitter noise

Benefits

  • Longer distance, over 1km
  • Lower energy required
  • Better penetration through material
  • Wider selection of data rates vs. other IoT
  • No monthly fees or service provider account required
  • Superior blocker performance
  • Easy co-existence with different radios, e.g. LTE

IEEE 802.11ah Compliant PHY

Features

  • 802.11ah OFDM PHY
  • BPSK, QPSK and higher QAM Modulations
  • Automatic Frequency & Gain control
  • Robust Error Correction Encoding
  • Supports 1 MHz duplicate mode

Benefits

  • Highest energy efficiency
  • Adjusts to optimal rates for RF conditions
  • Supports longest range and lowest power operation modes
  • Better resilience to interference

IEEE 802.11ah Compliant MAC

Features

  • Support for Stations (STA) and Access point (AP) Applications
  • Power-Saving Sleep Modes (TWT, RAW, Non-TIM)
  • Support for up to 8,191 Stations per AP
  • BSS Extended Max Idle
  • Hierarchical TIM and Traditional TIM Mode support

Benefits

  • Ultra-Low Power solutions using batteries
  • Very dense IoT networks
  • Star-oriented architecture (no need for mesh)
  • Reduced cost of network infrastructure
  • Better organization of devices by type

Power Management Unit

Features

  • Integrated DC/DC Converter
  • Wide range of supply voltages
  • Support low power schemes

Benefits

  • Low Total BOM
  • Application design flexibility
  • Ultra-Low Power solutions using batteries

IEEE802.11ah Compliant Firmware and Development Kits

Features

  • Security: Supports WPA3, OWE Enhanced Open, Easy Connect
  • IEEE 802.11ah Standard compliant firmware
  • IPv6 ready
  • Software Development Kit (MM-SDK): API, Firmware, Drivers
  • Multiple Hardware Reference Design kits

Benefits

  • Highest levels of Wi-Fi encryption
  • Standard AP/Routers
  • No need for proprietary hub or gateway
  • Supports direct access to cloud services
  • Highest Interoperability
  • Short time to market
  • Fast Over the Air (OTA) Firmware updates

Various Host interfaces with optional Application processor

Features

  • Interfaces for common MCU/CPU connections, programming, and debug e.g. SDIO, SPI, GPIO and JTAG
  • Support for popular applications:
    • Access Point / Router / Set-top Box / Bridge
    • Video Processors
    • Radio cards
    • SOC Sensors
  • Independent Host Applications Processor (HAP) option based on a low power 32b RISC-V core

Benefits

  • Application design flexibility
  • Support wide range of applications
  • Low Total RBOM
  • Simplified application development
  • Simple migration of older platforms to Wi-Fi HaLow

Wireless IOT Technology Comparison

Criteria
Wi-Fi HaLow 802.11ah
Wi-Fi 4/5/6 802.11n/ac/ax
LoRa
Sigfox
NB-IOT
BT 5
Z-Wave
ZigBee
Energy Efficiency
High
High
Low
Low
Low
High
Med
Med
Idle Power Consumption
Low
High
Low
Low
Low
Low
Low
Low
Data Rate
150 Kbps - 86.7 Mbps
6.5 Mbps - 600 Mbps
100 bps - 50 Kbps
100 bps - 600 bps
20 Kbps - 25 Kbps
125 Kbps - 2 Mbps
100 Kbps
250 Kbps
Range
1 km
100 m
10 km
10 km
10 km
<100 m
30 m
20 m
Penetration through material
Best
Poor
Best
Best
Good
Poor
Good
Poor
Security
Best
Best
Poor
Poor
Good
Good
Good
Good
Network Data Capacity
Best
Best
Poor
Worst
Poor
Good
Good
Poor
Installation/ Operational Costs
Low
Low
High
High
High
High
Med
Med
Service Provider contract
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
Licensed Spectrum
License-exempt
License-exempt
License-exempt
License-exempt
Licensed
License-exempt
License-exempt
License-exempt
Interoperability
IEEE Std / Wi-Fi Alliance
IEEE Std / Wi-Fi Alliance
Proprietary
Proprietary
3GPP
Bluetooth SIG
Proprietary
IEEE Std / Zigbee Alliance
Native IP support
Yes
Yes
None
None
Yes (limited)
None
None
None

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